Careers In Biotechnology



Bio-technology is a combination of biology and technology. It involves the use of organisms and biological process in the various industrial processes. Biotechnology has started touching core areas such as health, medicine, agriculture, environmental sciences, energy, etc. In recent times, India is emerging a hub for biotech industry. The Indian biotech sector stands 4th in terms of volume and 13th in terms of value. This sector is receiving outsourced jobs from abroad.


The demand for biotechnologist is growing throughout the globe. The annual growth rate of biotech sector is about 32%. There is a tremendous scope in this field in India as well in Europe and America. ‘BioSpectrum’ survey has shown that there are more than 300 institutions in the country offering biotechnology courses. These institutions have been imparting biotech skills to more than 30,000 students every year. As per BioSpectrum-ABLE survey, the industry today employs about 20,000-25,000 personnel in the technical and scientific categories. More than 6000 biotechnologists of higher skill are required in India as per the report from the Human Resource Development Ministry. This sector is skill incentive sector capable of employing huge number of skilled human resource. It is estimated that this sector will generate an employment of 1.2 million jobs by the year 2018.


The remuneration depends upon academic qualification, institute or university from which the degree is obtained, the level of work experience and type of biotech firm. It also depends on the place of employment if it is a small town the salary shall be much lower and if it is metro it is higher. Remuneration ranges from Rs.20,000 to 1.5 lakh/month.


Graduation/Post-graduation in the field of Biotechnology or other related subjects. 

Career opportunities

  • Research & Development: Scientific Director, Scientist, Research Associate, Research Assistant, Biotech Scientist/Engineer, Molecular Modeller, Facility Manager/Supervisor (Animal Sciences), Veterinarian, Lab Assistant, patent administrator, etc.
  • Operations: Biomedical technician, Process Development Manager, Process Development Technician, Manufacturing Manager/Technician/Instrumentation, Purchasing Agent/Buyer, Facilities Manager, Toxicologist & Environmental Engineers, Product development engineer, Packaging operator, Instrument Calibration Technician, etc
  • Quality control: Quality Control (QC) Manager/Supervisor, QC Analyst, Quality Assurance Manager/Supervisor, Quality Assurance (QA), Documentation Specialist and Validation Manager.
  • Clinical Research:Clinical Research Manager, Biostatistician, Clinical Data Manager/Associate, Manager of Regulatory Affairs or Medical Affairs Director.
  • Biotech Pharmaceuticals:Clinical pharmacist, clinical researcher, pharmaceutical representatives, process engineer, quality control manager.
  • Administration and Academics: Professors in Universities and colleges.
  • Finance & Administration: Financial Officers, Director of Finance, Accounting Managers, Accounting Clerks or Public/Investor Relations Manager.
  • Biotech Sales:Marketing of pharma and other biotech products. 
  • Science promoter: Biotechnology journalist, Science reporters, etc.
  • Self-employment: Suppliers of biotech products and biotech instruments, Biotech firms, consultant in Agriculture biotech, environment biotechnology, etc., Biotechnology patent firm, Culture suppliers of mushrooms/bacteria/algae/fungi, etc.

Job options

  • Laboratory technician 
  • Scientist
  • Laboratory assistant
  • Biotech sales manager
  • Biotech marketing manager
  • Administrator
  • Consultant
  • Professors
  • Quality control manager
  • Clinical data manager

Job nature

Bio-technologists get jobs with pharmaceutical companies, chemical, agriculture, food and allied industries. They can be employed in the areas of planning, production and management of bio-processing industries. There is a large scale employment in research laboratories run by the government as well as the corporate sector. Biotechnology students in India may find work in a government-based entity such as universities, research institutes or at private centres as research scientists/assistants. Companies that are engaged in business related to life sciences (ranging from equipment, chemicals, pharmaceuticals, diagnostics, etc) also consider a biotech degree relevant to their field. The work scope can range from research, production, marketing, administration, quality control, technical support etc. 


  • Agriculture/Plant Biotech/Animal Biotech/Biopesticides/Biofuel/Biotech software/Genome analysis/Stem cell companies.

  • Aquaculture and Marine Biotech institutes

  • Biotech Institutes.

  • Cell culture institutes

  • Colleges and Universities

  • Food Processing Industries

  • Health care and Pharma industries.

  • Media Houses 

  • Research Laboratories

List of some major biotech companies in India:

  1. Alembic Limited, Vadodara 
  2. All India Biotech Association (AIBA), New Delhi 
  3. Amersham Pharmacia Biotech Asia Pacific Ltd., Chennai 
  4. Aristo Pharmaceuticals Ltd.Mumbai 
  5. Bharat Serum 
  6. Biocon 
  7. Biotech Consortium India Limited, New Delhi 
  8. Dr. Reddy’s Laboratories Ltd. Hyderabad 
  9. Excel Industries Limited, Mumbai 
  10. GlaxoSmithKline 
  11. Hi Tech Bio Laboratories, Pune 
  12. Indian Immunologicals 
  13. Nicholas Piramal 
  14. Ocimum Biosolutions Ltd. 
  15. Panacea Biotec 
  16. Scigenics (India) Pvt. Ltd. 
  17. Serum Institute of India 
  18. Shantha Biotechnics Pvt. Ltd. Hyderabad  
  19. VARDA Biotech (P) Ltd. Andheri ( W)  
  20. Zydus Cadila 


    Comprehensive list of courses available in Biotechnology

  • Diploma in Biotechnology/Diploma in Industrial Biotechnology (Correspondence/ Distance Education)

  • Advance Diploma in Biotechnology

  • B.E. Biotechnology

  • B.Sc. Biotechnology/B.Sc. Biotechnology and Bioinformatics

  • B.Tech. Biotechnology/Industrial Biotechnology

  • Integrated Dual Degree (B.Tech./M.Tech.) in Bioinformatics and Biotechnology

  • M.B.A. Biotechnology

  • M.S. Applied Biotechnology

  • M.E. Biochemical Engineering and Biotechnology/M.E. Biotechnology

  • M.Sc. Agricultural Biotechnology/Biotechnology (Correspondence/ Distance Education)/ Biotechnology/Biotechnology (Integrated)/Biotechnology and Bioinformatics/Coastal Aquaculture and Marine Biotechnology/Industrial Biotechnology/Marine Biotechnology/Medical Biotechnology/Nanobiotechnology

  • M.Tech. Biotechnology/Industrial Biotechnology/Nanobiotechnology

  • M.V.Sc. Animal Biotechnology

  • Post Graduate Diploma in Biotechnology (Correspondence/ Distance Education)/Pharma Biotechnology

  • M.Phil. Biotechnology/ Biotechnology(Correspondence/ Distance Education)/

  • Ph.D. Biotechnology

Courses after 12th Science

  • Integrated M.Sc Biotechnology/ M.Tech. BiotechnologyEligibility: 10+2 level science Course duration: 5 years for M.Sc Biotech and one more year for M.Tech Biotech after M.Sc. Biotech. Mode of admission: Entrance test Address of centre: Institute of Bioinformatics and Biotechnology, University of Pune, Pune
  • Integrated M.Tech. (Biotechnology)Eligibility: Joint Entrance Examination (JEE). Duration: 4 years IIT Delhi and IIT Kharagpur. Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi, AIIMS, Jadavpur University, Kolkata and Anna University
  • B.Tech BiotechnologyDuration: 4-5 years Eligibility: Joint Entrance Exams (JEE) Centres: Indian Institute of Technologies (IIT’s)
  • B.Sc (Biotechnology)Eligibility: 12th std. Science Duration: 3 years Institutes: All the reputed colleges in India. 

Courses after Graduation

  • M.Sc. (Biotechnology), M.Sc (Agri) and M. Tech (Biotechnology)Eligibility: Graduation with with Physical/Biological/Agricultural sciences/Medical sciences/Engineering/Technology  Course duration: 2 years Mode of admission: Combined Biotechnology Entrance Examination (JNU test) Centres: (11) Pune, Varanasi, Patiala, Tezapur (Assam), Pondicherey, Madurai, Baroda, New Delhi, Hydrabad, Shimala, Amritsar, Nainital, Indore, Goa, Calicut, etc 
  • M.Sc. (Biotechnology)Eligibility: Graduation with biological sciences/Medical sciences Duration: 2 years Centres: Vidya Pratishthan’s, School of Biotechnology, Pune-Baramati, Pondicherry University, University of Hyderabad, AIIMS, New Delhi, PGI, Chandigarh, etc. 
  • MS Biotechology (By research)Eligibility: A valid GATE score above 94 percentile in the Life science stream or else in the Chemistry also is an eligible criterion. If you have the CSIR – JRF or the UGC -NET, it can also be considered for the same positions. Centres: IIT-Kharagpur and IIT-Bombay.
  • MBA (Biotechnology)Duration: 2 years. Eligibility: The candidate should have a Bachelor or Master degree in Science (Biology, Biochemistry, Biotechnology, Botany, Chemistry, Life Sciences, Marine Biology, Microbiology, and Zoology), Agriculture, Ayurveda, Medicine, Engineering, Pharmacy, Technology, and Veterinary Sciences from a statutory university. Selection Process: Candidates should appear for the ATMA written test Further details:www.atma-aims.orgFurther these candidates should register themselves separately for the GD/PI test conducted by the Dept. of Management Sciences, University of Pune (PUMBA). Centre: Pune University 

Courses after M.Sc/M.Tech

Distance or online courses in Biotechnology:

  • Bachelor of Biotechnology (BS) from School of Science and Engineering Atlantic International University online courses
  • MS in Biotechnology from Johns Hopkins 
  • MSc (Biotechnology) correspondence course from ignou
  • Anna University Distance Education – MBA (Biotechnology)

Important Institutes

Important Biotechnology Institutes:

  1. Jawaharlal Nehru University, Delhi
  2. All India Institute of Medical Sciences New Delhi.
  3. Indian Institute of Technology, School of Biosciences and Bioengineering, Mumbai.
  4. National Centre for Cell Science Pune.
  5. National Institute of Immunology
  6. Centre for DNA Finger Printing and Diagnostics, Hyderabad.
  7. Indian Institute of science, Bangalore.
  8. National Centre of plant genome research, New Delhi.
  9. International Centre for Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology, New Delhi.


List of Biotechnology Entrance Examinations:

  • AIIMS Biotechnology Entrance Exam
  • All India Biotechnology Entrance Examination
  • All India Institute of Medical Sciences Biotechnology Entrance Examination
  • Amity Institute of Biotechnology Entrance Examination
  • Anna University Biotechnology Entrance Examination
  • Banaras Hindu University M.Sc Biotechnology Entrance exam
  • Central University Biotechnology Entrance Exam
  • Combined Biotechnology Entrance Examination (CBEEE)
  • Indian Institute of Technology (IIT), Chennai JAM Biotechnology entrance exam
  • Indian Institute of Technology (IIT), Delhi JAM Biotechnology entrance exam
  • Institute of Bioinformatics and Applied Biotechnology Entrance Exam
  • Jawaharlal Nehru Centre for Advanced Scientific Research Combined Biotech Entrance Examination
  • Jawaharlal Nehru University Combined Biotechnology Entrance Exam
  • University of Delhi Biotechnology Entrance Exam
  • University of Mysore M.Sc Biotechnology Entrance Exam 

Abroad opportunities


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