Careers In Botany


Botany is related to the scientific study of plants. It is ever-increasing has key role in natural resource management. This field offers a wide range of career opportunities in research,  industries, teaching, public service, self employment and many more other fields.


Diversity in plant sciences allows the career aspirants of different backgrounds, aptitudes and interests to find satisfying careers in Botany. The application of plant sciences improves yield and supply of medicines, foods, fibres, building materials and other plant products. Public health and environmental health mainly depends on better understanding of plant science and technological advancements. The knowlege of plant sciences is essential for developement and management of forests, parks, waste lands, sea wealth etc.


The salary mainly depends on qualification, skills acquired, experience, nature of job and employer. The salary ranges from 15, 000 to 1,20,000/- in India. In USA, the intermediate research technicians get $33,000, Postdoctoral researchers $36,366, Professors $118,000 and research directors $142,000 per annum.


Graduation or post-graduation in the field of Botany is essential for an advanced career in Botany. Specialized Diploma and Certificate courses help to get jobs. 

Career opportunities

  • Teaching field:Teaching of botany is a challenging and rewarding career. Jobs are available as Teacher/Assistant Professor/Associate Professor in college/Universities.

  • Research field: As scientist, research associates, research assistant and technicians. There are numerous opportunities in private research laboratories as well government laboratories.

  • Industries:Botanists find exciting jobs in herbal drug, cosmetics, essential oil, food, seed, paper, textile and many more industries.

  • Plant identification services:This has become rewarding career. 

  • Landscape industry: Development of parks, aesthetic gardens, botanical gardens, biodiversity parks, etc requires the a sound background of plant sciences.

  • Environmental Consultancy:Biodiversity assessor, environment conversationalist, restoration expert, etc. are finding a lot of job opportunities in public and private sector.

  • Natural resource centre: Especially forest resource manager is a good career in public sector.

  • Government setup:Scientific officer (Biology) in the Central forensic science laboratories.

  • Marketing field: Enormous opportunities in the marketing of products of pharmaceutical companies, seed companies, biotechnology firms, scientific publishers, biological material supply firms, etc.

Job options

  • Aquatic Biologist

  • Biochemist

  • Biophysicist

  • Botanist

  • Conservationist

  • Environmental Scientist

  • Herbarium keeper

  • Landscape supervisor

  • Nursery Manager

  • Online tutor (Botany)

  • Plant Breeder

  • Plant Pathologist

  • Taxonomist

  • Tissue culturist

  • Tree surgeon


  • Nursery and landscaping

  • Mushroom cultivation

  • Production of Agro-based products- Biofertilizers, Biopesticides, growth promoters, plant growth supplements, etc

  • Production and marketing of plant tissue cultured plants.

  • Suppliers of medicinal plants to various Ayurved rasashalas, pharmacies, research institutes and industries.

  • Suppliers of plant materials to Schools, Colleges and Institutes.

  • Production and export of aromatic (Essential) oil products, herbal cosmetics, biofuels, organic acids, 

  • Development of Digital content of Botany. 

  • Cultivation and export of fruits, fresh vegetables and flowers.

  • Preparation and marketing of processed products viz. pickles, mixed fruit jam, jelly, sauce, ketup, etc.

  • Production and export of ayurvedic products viz. herbal shapoos, hair oil and healthcare natural products.


  • Schools, Colleges and Universities.

  • Plant Research Centres-NCL, NBRI, ARI, CDRI, CCMB, etc

  • Botanical gardens and public gardens- National Botanical Garden, Royal Botanical Garden, Vrindavan garden, etc

  • herbal centres, nursaries, food processing units, seed companies,

  • Biological material supply firms, biotechnology firms, etc.

  • Petrochemical, chemical, lumber and paper industries

  • Forest Service- conservation expert, DFO, RFO, forest developer, etc.

  • Government Agencies- Forensic science department, Greenery developer, Pollution boards, enviromental controlling agencies, etc.

  • Ecological consulting firms- Environmental impact specialist

  • Plant wealth developers- Biodiversity park developer, gardens, etc.

  • Agro business firms-Greenhouse technician, plant export expert, etc

  • Landscape development firms- Landscape manager and designer

  • Marine/freshwater institutes- NIO

  • New papers/magazines- Biological Science Columnist

  • Educational content development firms:-Content developer, Expert, photographer, etc.

  • Eco-tourism firms- as experts, tour operator, etc.

Companies and institutes: 

  • Agri-Science Park


  • Bilag Industries Private Limited

  • Deccan Florabase

  • Flowers of India

  • Golden Floriculture

  • Labland Biotechs

  • M.S. Swaminathan Research Foundation (MSSRF)

  •  Monsanto

  •  National Research Centre for Medicinal and Aromatic Plants (NRCMAP) and many more.


Courses after 12th standard

  • Diplomain Floriculture and Landscape Gardening Eligibility: 12th pass. 

  • B.Sc. BotanyEligibility: 12th pass. Centre: Almost all reputed Science Colleges in India

Courses after Graduation

  • M.Sc. BotanyEligibility: B.Sc. Botany Course duration: 2 years Mode of admission: Entrance. Centre: Pune University www.unipune.ernet.inPune University Many reputed universities like Baroda University/JNU/Hyderabad University/Chennai etc offers M.Sc. programmes.

  • Master of Philosophy (M.Phil):Eligibility: M.Sc. Course duration: 1-2 year Centres: Many reputed Universities.

  • Doctor of Philosophy (Ph.D) Eligibility: M.Sc. Duration: 2-6 years Mode of admission: NET/CSIR entrance. Or Under research projects or self funded. Centres: All reputed Universities/NCL/IARI/IISc Bangalore/Foreign Universities.

  • Doctor of Science (D.Sc.)Eligibility:  2 Years after Ph.D. / 3 Years after Master’s Degree / 6 Years after Bachelor’s Degree and after research in approved topic by thesis. For further details:

Some important institutes offering MSc. and Ph.D programmes:

  • Tata Institute of Fundamental Research (TIFR), Mumbai CoursesOffered M.Sc., M.S., Integrated PhD, and PhD research Mode of admission: Entrance test website:

  • Indian Institute of Science (IISc), BangaloreCourses: (Integrated PhD, M.S., and PhD research) Mode of admission: Entrance.

  • Indian Agriculture Research Institute (IARI), New DelhiCourses: M.Sc. Animal biotechnology and Plant Sciences and PhD research) Mode of admission: Entrance test (held on May/June Then interviews are held in Ist or IInd week of June) website:

  • Jawaharlal Nehru University (JNU)Courses: M.Sc., M.Phil. in Environmental Sciences, Life Science & Biotechnology and PhD research. Mode of admission: Entrance usually held in mid of May Entrance test.

  • Delhi University (South campus),Delhi Courses Offered M.Sc. Genetics and Plant Molecular biology and PhD Mode of admission: Entrance test usually held in June 2nd Week.

  • National Centre for Plant Genome Reasearch (NCPGR), Delhi.Courses: Ph.D Mode admission: Entrance held Ist week of June. website:

  • Banaras Hindu University (BHU), VaranasiCourses: M.Sc. Genetics and biochemistry and PhD Nature of Entrance: Generally held in Ist week of June. website: 

Distance courses/Online courses:

B.Sc and M.Sc.Botany courses:

M.Phil Botany courses

PhD Botany courses

Important Institutes

Other important institutes and private firms employing career aspirants.


  • University Grants Commission National Eligibility Test (UGC-NET)for life sciences/Joint CSIR-UGC Test For Junior Research Fellowship And Eligibility for Lectureship.Further details:

  • Maharashtra State Eligibility Test (SET): For eligibility of lecturer ship only. 

  • GATE (Graduate Aptitude Test for Engineering) Biological sciences. Further details:,

  • Scientific officer C grade. Department of Atomic Energy Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, Trombay Mumbai Eligibility: MSc. Botany/Zoology/Microbiology/Biotechnology. Further details: BARC Mumbai

  • Civil Services (UPSC – IAS, IPS, IFS, IES): Botany is one of the optional subjects for this highly reputed civil service examination in India. Further details- 

  • MPSC (Botany as Optional Subject):Detailed syllabus of Botany for mains exam: 

Opportunities Abroad

Abroad Fellowships and scholarships

Abroad Jobs

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