Careers In Medical Science


According to WHO recommendations, the doctor-population ratio should be 1: 1000.Allopathy, Ayurveda, Homeopathy, Siddha and Unani are the major branches of Medical science. In allopathy there are major specializations like General Medicine, General Surgery, Paediatrics, Obstetrics & Gynaecology, Dermatology, Ophthalmology, Orthopaedics, ENT (Ear, Nose and Throat), Psychiatry, Anesthesiology, etc. There are also Super Specialisations which require a further 3-5 years of study in areas such as Plastic Surgery, Neurosurgery, Cardio-thoracic surgery, Conito-urinary surgery, Paediatric Surgery, Gastroenterology, Endocrinology, Clinical Haematology, etc.


Medical job has unending market demand, earning potential and dignity. In Medical Jobs, there are Jobs for Doctors, Resident Doctors, Surgeons, Physicians, Pharmacy Jobs, Physical Therapy Jobs, Dental Jobs, employment for Medical workers and many more. There will always be a demand for doctors and paramedics in the rural and urban areas of the country and abroad. India has also emerged as the hub for medical tourism. 


It is based on education, skills acquired, experience and specialization. Doctors can get monthly Rs. 40,000 to Rs. 1.5 lakhs or more than this. In US and Europe very attractive packages are given. Private practioners earn very high amount.  


The basic or degree level qualification for a medical profession is MBBS (Bachelor of Medicine And Bachelor Of Surgery) which is of 5 1/2 years duration (including 1 year internship). Some hospitals prefer doctors who are post-graduate MD/MS/M.Sc. Medicine/Ph.D. This field requires updated knowlege so certificate and diploma courses provides edge over others to doctors.

Job options

  • Physician

  • Surgeon 

  • Neurologist 

  • Dermatologist 

  • Ophthalmologist 

  • Dentist 

  • Doctor in government/private/Armyhospitals.

  • Researcher 

  • Professor/Dean in Medical college.

  • Pharmacist

  • Medical respresentative

  • Pathologist

  • Physiotherapist

  • X-ray technician

  • Dietetics

  • Paediatrics 

  • Cardiology

  • Obstetrics and Gynaecology 


  • Government hospitals

  • Private hospitals.

  • Nursing homes/clinics

  • Health departments.

  • Army, navy and air force, under the Ministry of Defence.

  • Charitable institutions.

  • Medical colleges and training institutes 

  • Research institutes 

  • Industries

  • Clinical research centres.

  • Self-employment: Dispensary, Clinic, Hospital.


After 12th:

  •  M. B. B. S. (Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery) Eligibility: 12th std with Biology. Duration: 5.5 years Mode of admission: (Entrance examination) CET/PMT

  • B. D. S. (Bachelor of Dental Surgery)Eligibility: 12th std with Biology. Duration: 4 years Mode of admission: Entrance examination

  • B. H. M. S. (Bachelor of Homeopathic Medicine & Surgery)Eligibility: 12th std with Biology. Duration: 5.5 years Mode of admission: Entrance examination

  • B. A. M. S. (Bachelor of Ayurvedic Medicine and Surgery) Eligibility: 12th std with Biology. Duration: 5.5 years Mode of admission: Entrance examination

Courses after graduation:

  • M.D. (Doctor of Medicine)Eligibility: M.B.B.S. degree Duration: 3 years. Mode of admission: Entrance examination

  • M.S. (Master of Surgery)Eligibility: M.B.B.S. degree Duration: 3 years. Mode of admission: Entrance examination

  • D.MEligibility: M.D. degree Duration: 2-3 years

  • M.Ch. Eligibility: M.S. degree Duration: 2 years

Paramedical couses:

  • B.Pharma (Bachelor of Pharmacy)  Eligibility: 12th Science (Biology) DPharma  Duration:  4 years.

  • B.Sc Nursing  Eligibility: Pass 10+2 with with Science Duration:  4 years.

  • B.P.T (Physiotherapy)  Eligibility: Pass in 12th class Science Duration: 4.5 years.

  • B.O.T (Occupational Therapy)  Eligibility: Pass 10+2 with PCB (physics, chemistry and biology). Duration: 3 years.

  • B.U.M.S (Unani Medicine)  Eligibility: (10 + 2) with Science, Urdu up to 10th class cation. Duration: 5.5 years.

  • B.Optometry  Eligibility: EYECET examination is necessary to pass to go for B. Optom Degree. Duration:  2 years.

  • Ophthalmic Assistant Course  Eligibility: High school diploma or equivalent. Duration: 2 years.

  • Histopathological Lab Technology Duration: 1 year.

  • D. Pharma(Ayurvedic, Siddha Medicine) Eligibility: 12th pass Science Duration:  2 year.

  • B.Sc Programme in Lab Technicians Eligibility: 10+2  Duration: 1 year.

  • Sanitary Inspector Course  Eligibility: Class X as well as Class XII with science Duration: 1 year.

  • General Nursing Training Course  Eligibility: 10+2  science (Biology).Duration: 3.5 years.

  • Dental Mechanic Course  Eligibility: 12th science Duration: 2 years.

  • Dental Hygienist Course Eligibility: 12th Science(Biology). Duration: 2 years.

  • Bachelor of Occupational therapy  Eligibility: Pass 10+2  Science (Biology). Duration: 3 years.

  • Radiological Assistant Eligibility: 12th pass  Duration: 1 year.

  • Radiography [Diagnosis & Therapy]  Duration:  2 years.

  • Nuclear Medicine Technology  Duration: 2 years

  • Lab.Tech. Course 2 years B.Sc. (Botany, Zoology, Microbiology).

  • Blood transfusion 72 weeks B.Sc. (Botany, Zoology, Microbiology).

  • Special treatment Assistant:  1 year B.Sc. (Botany, Zoology, Microbiology).

  • Operation Theatre Tech. Course 52 weeks B.Sc. (Botany, Zoology, Microbiology).

  • Basic Audiology & Speech Therapy 6 months B.Sc. (Botany/ Zoology/ Microbiology).

  • Dental Assistant: course 85 weeks B.Sc. (Botany, Zoology, Microbiology).

  • Nursing assistant: 28 Weeks B.Sc. Botany Zoology, Microbiology.

  • Certificate course in Yoga: 1 term after SSC. And Diploma in Yoga 1 year.

  • Certificate course of Proficiency in Ayurveda for Foreign students: 2 years SSC.

  • Certificate course in Introduction to Ayurvedic Medicinal plants: 3 months SSC.

  • Diploma in General Nursing:  3 yrs 12th std. 

  • Certificate Course in Emergency Medicine Service:  1 year after B.Sc.

  • Certificate course in Physician Assistant:  1 year B.Sc. (any).

  • Pharmacology/Biochemistry/Microbiology/Genetics/Physiology: 7 terms after B.Sc. (Pune University)

  • Diploma in Medical Laboratory Technology (DMLT): B.Sc. 1 year 

  • Certificate Course in Emergency Medicine Service: 1 year B.Sc.

  • X-ray technician: 72 weeks B.Sc. (Botany, Zoology, Microbiology).

  • Nursing assistant: 28 Weeks B.Sc.( Botany Zoology, Microbiology).

  • Certificate course of Proficiency in Ayurveda for Foreign students: 2 years SSC.

  • Hospital Management degree: Tata Institute of Social Sciences, Mumbai, Apollo Hospital, Hyderabad.

  • Diploma in General Nursing:  3 yrs 12th std.

  • P.G. Diploma in Dietetics: 1 year Graduate in Biological sciences.   

  • One year Post- graduate certificate course in Counselling. M.A. Psychology (Clinical psychology).


  • AIIMS, Delhi

  • Armed Forces Medical College, Pune

  • Christian Medical College, Vellore

  • Kasturba Medical College, Manipal

  • Lady Hardinge Medical College, Delhi

  • Maulana Azad Medical College, Delhi

  • Grant Medical College, Mumbai

  • St. John’s Medical College, Bangalore

  • Madras Medical College, Chennai

  • Stanley Medical College, Chennai

  • King George Medical University, Lucknow

  • B.J. Medical College, Ahmedabad

  • Institute of Medical Sciences, BHU, Varanasi

  • Bangalore Medical College, Bangalore

  • Sri Ramachandra Medical College & Research Institute, Chennai

  • M.S. Ramaiah Medical college, Bangalore

  • Medical College & Hospital Kolkata

  • Topiwala National Medical College, Mumbai

  • Government Medical College, Chandigarh

  • Jawaharial Nehru Medical College, AMU, Aligarh


  • AIIMS – All India Institute of Medical Sciences.

  • AFMC – Armed Forces Medical College

  • AIPMT – All India Pre-Medical / Pre-Dental Entrance Examination.

  • AIPGDET – All India Post Graduate Dental Entrance Test.

  • AIPGMET – All India Post Graduate Medical Entrance Test.

  • Bharati Vidyapeeth University Medical Entrance Exam.

  • BHU – Banaras Hindu University Medical Entrance Examination.

  • Dr.D.Y.Patil Institute All India Common Entrance Test for MBBS and BDS.

  • Mahatma Gandhi Medical College and Research Institute.

  • Manipal PMT – Manipal Pre Medical Test.

  • MH SSET – Maharashtra Super speciality Entrance Test.

Opportunities Abroad

There are numerous opportunities for Indian Doctors in European countries and USA. They can also get opportunities in International organization such as Red Cross. 


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