Careers Of Chemistry



Chemical sciences (Chemistry) offer access to a wide range of careers. Chemistry is the study of substances, their makeup and applications. In fact it is the study of all materials and is vital to every aspect of our lives. Organic Chemistry, Inorganic Chemistry, Analytical chemistry and Biochemistry are the main branches of chemistry. The career options in chemistry are practically endless! However, employment options depend on how far the education, training and experience taken. Especially masters and Ph.D. degree provides immense career opportunities in industries, research and teaching fields.  A chemistry or biochemistry degree can lead to career paths in professions such as medicine, pharmacology, agriculture, chemical engineering, forensic science, etc. 


Chemical sector of India is one of the major industries in the Indian economy. It is estimated to be worth around US$ 35 billion, which is almost 3% of the country’s GDP. The investment in chemical sector of India is around US$ 60 billion.The chemical sector generates employment of about 1 million. The chemical sector of India provides around 13-14% of total exports and its total imports are about 8-9%. It is ranked 12th globally and 3rd in Asia. The emergence of chemiinformatics and nanotechnology leads to very bright future of the chemical science.  


It is based on education, experience and employer the salary ranges from 10,000 to 1.5 lakh rupees per month.


Graduation or post-graduation in the field of Chemistry or other related subjects is essential. 


Career opportunities

Chemistry students and chemical engineers finds numerous career opportunties in industries (Textiles, petroleum, rubber, plastics, agricultural products, paper, pharmaceutical, food, fertilizers, paints, cosmetics, aromatic products, pulp, metal, cement and many more.), public works departments ( water treatment, sanitary and sewage treatment plants), marketing and sales (chemicals and its products), military(food scientist, ordinance factory), consultancy firms, patent firms, Industrial R&D and Production departments, teaching field (Schools/colleges/Universities), Central and state government (government chemical industries, pharmaceutical industries, factories, petroleum companies, ISRO, DRDO, BARC, Public Services (UPSC and othe State Public Civil services), pharmaceuticals, oeanography, forensic science, biotechnology, geochemistry, etc.

Job options

  • Analytical chemist

  • Clinical biochemist

  • Forensic scientist

  • Research scientist (physical sciences)

  • Chemical development engineer

  • Scientific journalist

  • Toxicologist

  • Process engineer

  • Patent law officer.

  • Teacher/Professor

  • Quality controller

  • Technician

  • Laboratory assistant

  • Research associate/Research assistant


  • Industries

  • Manufacturing firms 

  • Research organizations .

  • Science popularizing organizations

  • Central and state government 

  • Colleges, Universities and teaching institutes

  • Self-employment:Environmental consultant, Chemical industry consultant, small or big chemical process plant, etc                        

Note: Many graduate vacancies don’t specify particular degree disciplines, so don’t restrict your thinking to the jobs listed here.



Courses after 12th standard

  • Bachelor of ChemistryEligibility– 12th pass Duration: 3 years

  • B.Tech Eligibility-12th std and JEE exam Duration: 4 years Centres: IITs

  • B.E. Chemical Engineering Eligibility– 12th passed Duration: 4 years Centres: Engineering Colleges

 Courses after Graduation

  • M.Sc. Chemistry (Organic/Inorganic/Analytical/Biochemistry/etc) Eligibility: B.Sc. Chemistry Duration: 2 years Mode of admission: Depends on institute/College Centres: Almost all major colleges and major Universities of India

  • M.E Chemical EngineeringEligibility: B.E Chemistry Duration: 2 years Centres: Major Engineering Colleges and Universities.

  • M.Tech. Chemical Engineering Eligibility: B.E. Chemical Centres: IIT’s

  • Master of Philosophy (M.Phil.)Eligibility: M.Sc. Course duration: 1-2 year Centres: Major Universities

  • Doctor of Philosophy (Ph.D)Eligibility: M.Sc. Duration (Generally): 2-6 years Mode of admission: NET/CSIR entrance. Or Under research projects or self funded. Centres: All reputed Universities/NCL/IARI/IISc Bangalore/Foreign Universities.

  • Doctor of Science (D.Sc.) Eligibility: i) 2 Years after Ph.D./3 Years after Master’s Degree/ 6 Years after Bachelor’s Degree and after research in approved topic by thesis. Centres: Reputed Universities

  • Post-Graduate Diplomawith various specialization are available in different reputed institutes.

Distance Courses 
M.Sc. Chemistry:

 Online course in Chemistry:

Important Institutes


  • University Grants Commission National Eligibility Test (UGC-NET): Chemical sciences/Joint CSIR-UGC Test For Junior Research Fellowship And Eligibility for Lectureship

  • Maharashtra State Eligibility Test (SET) For eligibility of lectureship only.

  • GATE (Graduate Aptitude Test for Engineering)  Further details:

  • Civil Services (UPSC – IAS, IPS, IFS, IES): Chemistry is one of the optional subjects. Further details- 

  • MPSC (Chemistry as Optional Subject):

Abroad opportunities

Following are some important web-sites which are giving information about the job opportunities, fellowships and scholarships in the internationally reputed institutes, universities and business firm. 


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