Category: Optional Subjects

Chemistry (UPSC Optionals)

  Syllabus PAPER-I 1. Atomic Structure: Heisenberg’s uncertainty principle, Schrodinger wave equation (time independent); Interpretation of wave function, particle in one-dimensional box, quantum numbers, hydrogen atom wave functions; Shapes of s, p and d...

Botany (UPSC Optionals)

  Syllabus PAPER-I 1. Microbiology and Plant Pathology: Structure and reproduction/multiplication of viruses, viroids, bacteria, fungi and mycoplasma; Applications of microbiology in agriculture, industry, medicine and in control of soil and water pollution; Prion...

Animal Husbandry and Veterinary Science (UPSC Optionals)

Syllabus Paper-I 1. Animal Nutrition: Partitioning of food energy within the animal. Direct and indirect calorimetry. Carbon – nitrogen balance and comparative slaughter methods. Systems for expressing energy value of foods in ruminants, pigs...

Agriculture (UPSC Optionals)

Syllabus Paper-I Ecology and its relevance to man, natural resources, their sustainable management and conservation. Physical and social environment as factors of crop distribution and production. Agro ecology; cropping pattern as indicators of environments....