Governor: Background,eligibility,terms,powers,tenure

Governor is a chief executive of one or more states and agent of the Central Govt,vested with powers that of legislative,executive, judicial and discretionary nature.


                  Key points to remember.


  1. As mentioned in Part VI of Indian Constitution,governor forms a part of state executive,i.e.
  • Governor,Chief minister,Council of ministers,Attorney General of state

2. A governor can be appointed to one or more states,simultaneously. (President appoints and determines the salary and the same is shared by the states.) However,when serving in single state salary is determined by Parliament itself.

3. Appointment  is based on Canadian mode,wherein governor is appointed by President.

Terms of Governor’s office

  1. As required in President,a governor is not required to be a member of either house.
  2. He is immune from only criminal proceedings for acts committed in office or in personal capacity. However,a civil suit can be filed after a 2 months notice.


  1. Governor has a term of 5 years in office. However,he can be removed by President anytime,as he is in office on pleasure of the President. Also,there are no grounds mentioned for removal in the constitution.
  2. Its a matter to note. Pleasure of president is not justiciable,i.e.President’s pleasure cannot be questioned in court.(Read further here.)
  3. Resignation of governor is addressed to the President of India.
  4. In case the office lies vacant,chief justice of the High court fills the place,on temporary basis.

Read Governor’s and President’s powers here. (Will update soon.)

For your convenience,we have compiled powers of both on the basis of similarities and differences. It makes an easy task to remember.

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