Indian States & Union Territories

The States Reorganization Act of 1956 was a primary force in reorganizing the boundaries of India’s states along linguistic lines, and bringing an amendment in the Indian Constitution whereby the three types of states, known as Parts A, B, and C states, were amended with a single type of state. Though additional changes have occurred in the state boundaries since 1947, the Act is still considered as an undisputed player in providing the present shapes and contours of the Indian states. In November 2000, India gained three new states – Chattisgarhwas carved out of Madhya Pradesh, Uttaranchal out of Uttar Pradesh, and Jharkhand Bihar .The Constitution distributes legislative powers between the Parliament and state legislatures. The Parliament is bicameral – the lower house is known as the Lok Sabha (House of the People) and the upper house is known as the Rajya Sabha (Council of States). At state level some legislatures are bicameral and are run along the lines of the two houses of the national Parliament.

A land blessed in all terms be it topography, natural beauty, population, religion culture or language India is home to twenty eight states and seven union territories. The twenty eight nine and the seven union territories are all unique in their own way. Having an extraordinary history and culture all the states and union territories in India never fail to charm its visitors with their unfolding mysteries and charisma. The administrative capital is where the executive government offices are located. • The legislative capital is where the state assembly convenes. • The judicial capital is the location of the state or territorial High Courts of India. • The date mentioned in the table refers to when the city became the capital of the state or territory • In the table S and W refers to the Summer and Winter sessions respectively. • The administrative capital is considered to be the main capital of the state. • In the absence of the legislative capital means that it is administered by the Central Government.

 

State Capital Area Population Official Languages LargestCities Districts
/Admin
divisions
Population Density Literacy Rate% Urban Pop.
%
Sex Ratio Estb
Year
Andhra Pradesh Hyderabad 160,205 km2 4,93,78,776 Telugu Visakhapatnam,
Vijayawada,
Guntur
13   67.66* 33.49* 992* 1956
Arunachal Pradesh Itanagar 83,743 km2 1,382,611 English Itanagar 17 17 /km2 66.95 22.67 920 1987
Assam Dispur 78,438 km2 31,169,272 Assamese Guwahati,
Silchar,
Dibrugarh,
Nagaon
27 397 /km2 73.18 14.08 954 1975
Bihar Patna 94,163 km2 103,804,637 Hindi Patna, Gaya,
Bhagalpur,
Muzaffarpur,
Biharsharif
38 1,102 /km2 63.82 11.30 916 1935
Chhattisgarh Raipur 135,191 km2 25,540,196 Chhattisgarhi Raipur,
Bhilai Nagar,
Korba,
Bilaspur,
Durg
27 189 /km2 71.04 23.24 991 2000
Goa Panaji 3,702 km2 1,457,723 Konkani Panaji 2 394 /km2 87.4 62.17 968 1961
Gujarat Gandhinagar 196,024 km2 60,383,628 Gujarati Ahmedabad,
Surat,
Vadodara,
Rajkot,
Bhavnagar
33 308 /km2 79.31 42.58 918 1960
Haryana Chandigarh 44,212 km2 25,353,081 Haryanvi Faridabad,
Gurgaon,
Rohtak,
Hisar,
Panipat
21 573 /km2 76.64 24.25 877 1966
Himachal Pradesh Shimla 55,673 km2 6,856,509 Hindi Shimla 12 123 /km2 83.78 10.04 974 1971
Jammu and
Kashmir
Srinagar (summer), Jammu (winter) 222,236 km2 12,548,926 Urdu Srinagar,
Jammu,
Anantnag
22 56 /km2 68.74 27.21 883 1948
Jharkhand Ranchi 79,714 km2 32,966,238 Hindi Dhanbad,
Ranchi,
Jamshedpur,
Bokaro Steel,
Mango
24 414 /km2 67.63 24.05 947 2000
Karnataka Bengaluru 191,791 km2 61,130,704 Kannada Bangalore,
Hubli
and Dharwad,
Mysore,
Gulbarga,
Belgaum
30 319 /km2 75.6 38.57 968 1956
Kerala Trivandrum 38,863 km2 33,387,677 Malayalam Trivandrum,
Kochi,
Kozhikode,
Kollam,
Thrissur
14 859 /km2 93.91 47.72 1084 1956
Madhya Pradesh Bhopal 308,245 km2 72,597,565 Hindi Indore,
Bhopal,
Jabalpur,
Gwalior,
Ujjain
50 236 /km2 70.63 27.63 930 1956
Maharashtra Mumbai 307,713 km2 112,372,972 Marathi Mumbai,
Pune,
Nagpur,
Thane,
Pimpri and
Chinchwad
35 365 /km2 82.91 45.23 946 1960
Manipur Imphal 22,327 km2 2,721,756 Meiteilon (Manipuri) Imphal 9 122 /km2 79.85 20.21 987 1947
Meghalaya Shillong 22,429 km2 2,964,007 English Shillong 11 132 /km2 75.48 20.08 986 1970
Mizoram Aizawl 21,081 km2 1,091,014 Mizo Aizawl 8 52 /km2 91.58 51.51 975 1972
Nagaland Kohima 16,579 km2 1,980,602 English Dimapur 11 119 /km2 80.11 28.97 931 1963
Odisha Bhubaneswar 155,707 km2 41,947,358 Oriya Bhubaneswar,
Cuttack,
Brahmapur
Town,
Raurkela,
Puri
Town
30 269 /km2 73.45 16.68 978 1948
Punjab Chandigarh 50,362 km2 27,704,236 Punjabi Ludhiana,
Amritsar,
Jalandhar,
Patiala,
Bathinda
22 550 /km2 76.68 37.49 893 1966
Rajasthan Jaipur 342,239 km2 68,621,012 Hindi Jaipur,
Jodhpur,
Kota,
Bikaner,
Ajmer
33 201 /km2 67.06 24.89 926 1948
Sikkim Gangtok 7,096 km2 607,688 Nepali Gangtok 4 86 /km2 82.2 24.97 889 1975
Tamil Nadu Chennai 130,058 km2 72,138,958 Tamil Chennai,
Coimbatore,
Madurai,
Tiruchirappalli,
Salem
32 555 /km2 80.33 48.45 995 1969
Telangana Hyderabad 114,840 km2 3,52,86,757 Hyderabad,
Warangal
10 310/km2 67.22%     2014
Tripura Agartala 10,486 km2 3,671,032 Bengali
and
Kokborok
Agartala 8 350 /km2 87.75 26.18 961 1956
Uttar Pradesh Lucknow 240,928 km2 199,581,477 Hindi Lucknow,
Kanpur,
Ghaziabad,
Agra,
Meerut
75 828 /km2 69.72 22.28 908 1937
Uttarakhand Dehradun 53,483 km2 10,116,752 Hindi Dehradun,
Hardwar,
Haldwani
and
Kathgodam,
Rudrapur
13 189 /km2 79.63 30.55 963 2000
West Bengal Kolkata 88,752 km2 91,347,736 Bengali Kolkata,
Haora,
Durgapur,
Asansol,
Siliguri
19 1,029 /km2 77.08 31.89 947 1947
Union Territories Capital Area Population Official Languages LargestCities Districts
/Admin
divisions
Population Density Literacy Rate% Urban Pop.
%
Sex Ratio Estb
Year
Andaman and
Nicobar
Islands
Port Blair 8,249 km2 379,944 English Port Blair 3 46 /km2 86.27 35.67 878 1956
Chandigarh Chandigarh 114 km2 1,054,686 Punjabi Chandigarh 1 9,252 /km2 86.43 97.25 818 1966
Dadar and
Nagar
Haveli
Silvassa 491 km2 342,853 English Silvassa 1 698 /km2 77.65 46.62 775 1944
Daman and
Diu
Daman 112 km2 242,911 Konkani,
Marathi
and
Gujarati
Daman 2 2,169 /km2 87.07 75.16 618 1987
Delhi Delhi 11,297 km2 16,753,235 Hindi,
Punjabi
and
Urdu
Delhi 9 11,297 /km2 86.34 97.50 866 1952
Lakshadweep Kavaratti 32 km2 64,429 English Kavaratti 1 2,013 /km2 92.28 78.08 946  
Pondicherry Pondicherry 479 km2 1,244,464 Tamil,
English
Ozhukarai, Puducherry 4 2598 /km2 86.55 68.31 1038 1954

 

 

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