Parajumbles are jumbled paragraphs. Basically, you are given a paragraph – but the sentences are not in the right order. It’s up to you to untie this knot and rearrange the sentences so that they logically make sense. Solving jumbled paragraphs is a science. It is so much of a science that you can obtain an accuracy of 100% even if you are not a good reader.
Given below are the tricks to ace the parajumbles!
Establish Link Between Two Sentences and Then Examine The Options.
The rule is that if both full form as well as short form is present in different sentences, then the sentence containing full form will come before the sentence containing short form.
Time Sequence Approach
Be aware of the time indication either by giving years – or by using time indicating words.
Opening – Closing sentence Approach
Let’s see the characteristics of an opening sentence
It willintroduce an ideain thefirst hand.
In most of the cases it will use indefinite article a/an.
The sentence can stand alone..
- Key Words Approach
Some words will be repeated in two consecutive sentences.
- Structure Approach – SA
Link sentences logically i.e.
- TRANSITION WORDS
Transition words make the shift from one idea to another very smooth. They organize and connect the sentences logically. Observing the transition words found in a sentence can often give you a clue about the sentence that will come before/after that particular sentence. Given below are some commonly used transition words:
also, again, as well as, besides, furthermore, in addition, likewise, moreover, similarly, consequently, hence, otherwise, subsequently, therefore, thus, as a rule, generally, for instance, for example, for one thing, above all,aside from,barring, besides, in other words, in short, instead, likewise, on one hand, on the other hand, rather, similarly, yet, but, however, still, nevertheless, first of all, to begin with, at the same time, for now, for the time being, in time, later on, meanwhile, next, then, soon, the meantime, later, while, earlier, simultaneously, afterward, in conclusion, with this in mind, after all.
Given below is a small exercise for you to aplly all the tricks learned above.
For more practice refer to the EXERCISES section.
Directions for Questions 1 to 10: The sentences given in each question, when properly sequenced, form a coherent paragraph. Each sentence is labelled with a letter. Choose the most logical order of sentences from among the given choices to construct a coherent paragraph.
1. A. However, the real challenge today is in unlearning, which is much harder.
B. But the new world of business behaves differently from the world in which we grew up.
C. Learning is important for both people and organisations.
D. Each of us has a mental model that we have used over the years to make sense.
1. CADB 2. BDAC 3. CDAB 4. ACBD
2. A. There was nothing quite like a heavy downpour of rain to make life worthwhile.
B. We reached the field, soaked to the skin, and surrounded it.
C. The wet, as far as he was concerned, was ideal.
D. There, sure enough, stood Claudius, looking like a debauched Roman emperor under a shower.
DCBA 2. ABDC 3. BADC 4. BACD
3. 1. Good literary magazines have always been good because of their editors.
A. Furthermore, to edit by committee, as it were, would prevent any magazine from finding its own identity.
B. The more quirky and idiosyncratic they have been, the better the magazine is, at least as a general rule.
C. But the number of editors one can have for a magazine should also be determined by the number of contributions to it.
D. To have four editors for an issue that contains only seven contributions, is a bit silly to start with.
6. However, in spite of this anomaly, the magazine does acquire merit in its attempt to give a comprehensive view of the Indian literary scene as it is today.
ABCD 2. BCDA 3. ABDC 4. CBAD
4. A. By reasoning we mean the mental process of drawing an inference from two or more statements or going from the inference to the statements which yield that inference
B. So logical reasoning covers those types of questions which imply drawing an inference from the problems.
C. Logic means, if we take its original meaning, the science of valid reasoning.
D. Clearly, for understanding arguments and for drawing the inference correctly it is necessary that we should understand the statements first.
ACBD 2. CABD 3. ABCD 4. DBCA
5 . 1. Count Rumford is perhaps best known for his observations on the nature of heat.
A. He undertook several experiments in order to test the theories of the origin of frictional heat.
B. According to the calorists, heat was produced by the ‘caloric’ squeezed out of the chips in the process of separating them from the larger pieces of metal.
C. Lavoisier had introduced the term ‘caloric’ for the weightless substance heat, and had included it among the chemical elements, along with carbon, nitrogen and oxygen.
D. In the munitions factory in Munich, Rumford noticed that a considerable degree of heat developed in a brass gun while it was being bored.
6. Rumford could not believe that the large amount of heat generated could have come from the small amount of dust created.
1. ABCD 2. CBDA 3. ADCB 4. CDAB