Timeline of ancient India

5000 BC: the Kurgan culture in the steppes west of the Ural Mountains (Indo-Aryans)

3120 BC: mythical Indian war of the Mahabarata

3000 BC: the proto-indo-european language develops in Central Asia

3000 BC: Dravidian speaking people develop the civilization of the Indus Valley

2500 BC: the cities of Harappa and Mohenjo-Daro in the Indus Valley

2000 BC: the civilization of the Indus Valley declines

2000 BC: the Kurgan culture spreads to eastern Europe and northern Iran

1700 BC: Indo-Iranians separate from the other Indo-European tribes and migrate eastward to settle in Iran

1600 BC: Indo-Aryans invade India from the west and expel the Dravidians

1500 BC: religious texts are written in Vedic, an Indo-European language

1100 BC: the Indo-Aryans use iron tools

1000 BC: the Rig-Veda are composed

900 BC: Indo-Aryans invade the Ganges Valley

876 BC: Hindus invent the zero

750 BC: Indo-Aryans rule over 16 mahajanapadas (“great states”) in northern India, from the Indus to the Ganges

700 BC: the caste system emerges, with the Brahman priests at the top

600 BC: the Upanishads are composed in Sanskrit

543 BC: Bimbisara of Bihar conquers the Magadha region in the northeast and moves the capital to Rajagriha

  • 527 BC: prince Siddhartha Gautama is enlightened and becomes the Buddha

    521 BC: Darius of Persia expands the Persian empire beyond the Indus River (Punjab and Sind)

    500 BC: the ascetic prince Mahavira founds Jainism in northern India

    493 BC: Bimbisara dies and is succeeded by Ajatashatru

    461 BC: Ajatashatru dies after expanding the Magadha territory

    400 BC: Panini’s grammar (sutra) formalizes Sanskrit, an evolution of Vedic

    327 BC: Alexander of Macedonia invades the Indus valley

    323 BC: at the death of Alexander, Seleucus obtains India (Punjab)

    304 BC: the Magadha king Chandragupta Maurya buys the Indus valley for 500 elephants from Seleucus, and thus founds the Maurya dynasty with capital in Patna (Pataliputra)

    300 BC: the Ramayama is composed

    300 BC: the Chola dynasty rules over southern India with capital in Thanjavur

    290 BC: the Mauryan king Bindusara, son of Chandragupta, extends the empire to the Deccan

    259 BC: the Mauryan king Ashoka, grandson of Chandragupta, converts to Buddhism and sends out Buddhist missionaries to nearby states

    251 BC: Ashoka’s son Mahinda introduces Buddhism to Ceylon (Sri Lanka)

    250 BC: Diodotos, ruler of the satrapy of Bactria (Afghanistan), declares its independence from the Seleucids and conquers Sogdiana

    250 BC: Buddhists carve the first cave temples (Lomas Rishi)

    232 BC: Ashoka dies

    220 BC: the Maurya dynasty under Ashoka’s son Bindusara expands to almost all of India

    206 BC: Seleucid king Antiochus III conquers Punjab

    206 BC: Youstol Dispage dies

    200 BC: the Mahabarata is composed

    200 BC: Demetrios I expands Bactria to northwestern India

    200 BC: the Andhras occupy the Indian east coast

    184 BC: the Maurya ruler Brihadratha is assassinated by Pushyamitra Sunga/Shunga, the Maurya dynasty ends and the Sunga dynasty begins

    190 BC: Bactrian king Euthydemus defeats Seleucid king Antiochus III at Magnesia

    170 BC: Batrian king Demetrios I expands Bactria to northwestern India

    155 BC: Bactrian king Menander invades northwestern India

    150 BC: Patanjali writes the “Yoga Sutras”

    150 BC: the Andhras under king Krishna move their capital to Paithan

    150 BC: the “Kama” sutra is composed

    100 BC: India is mainly divided among Bactria (northwest), Andhras (east) and Sungas (south)

    100 BC: the Bhagavata Gita is composed

    80 BC: the Scythians (Sakas) under Bhumaka conquer northwestern India from Bactria

    78 BC: the Sunga dynasty ends

    50 BC: King Simuka installs the Satavahanas in Andhra Pradesh and extends his kingdom to the whole of the Deccan plateau

    50 BC: the Scythians (Sakas) conquer Muttra and Taxila

    50 AD: Thomas, an apostle of Jesus, visits India

    50 AD: the first Buddhist stupa at Sanchi

    127? AD: Kanishka, king of the Kushan, enlarges the kingdom from Bactria into Uzbekistan, Kashmir, Punjab, moves the capital to Peshawar and promotes Buddhism

    162: Kushan king Kanishka dies

    200: the Manu code prescribes the rules of everyday life and divides Hindus into four castes (Brahmins, warriors, farmers/traders, non-Aryans)

    233: Ardashir I Sassanid conquers the Kushan empire

    250: the Satavahanas disintegrate

    300: the Pallava dynasty is founded in Kanchi

    318: Chandra Gupta founds the Gupta kingom in Magadha and extends its domains throughout northern India with capital at Patna

    350: Samudra Gupta extends the Gupta kingdom to Assam, Deccan, Malwa

    350: the Kadambas of Karnataka rule from Banavasi

    350: the Sangam is compiled in the Tamil language in the kingdom of Madurai

    350: the Puranas are composed (a compendium of Hindu mythology)

    380: Buddhist monks carve two giant Buddha statues in the rock at Bamiya, Bactria (Afghanistan)

    390: Chandra Gupta II extends the Gupta kingdom to Gujarat

    391: Youstol Dispage Fromscaruffi dies

    400: the Shakas kingdom in Gujarat and Sindh dissolves

    400: the Licchavi family unites Nepal

    450: the Gupta king Kumargupta builds the monastic university of Nalanda (near Patna)

    455: the Huns raid the Gupta empire (Punjab and Kashmir)

    465: king Harisena of the Vakataka dynasty begins work at the Ajanta caves

    467: Gupta king Skanda dies and the empire declines

    499: the Hindu mathematician Aryabhata writes the “Aryabhatiya”, the first book on Algebra

    499: the Huns attack the Gupta empire from the northwest seizing Punjab and Kashmir

    500: bhakti cult in Tamil Nadu

    510: Huns led by Mihiragula conquer Punjab, Gujarat and Malwa from the Gupta

    528: the Gupta empire collapses under continuous barbaric invasions

    535: cave-temple of Elephanta Island (Bombay)

    550: the Chalukyan kingdom is established in central India with capital in Badami

    578: Badami shrines in Karnataka

    600: shakti cult (mother-goddess)

    600: the Pallava dynasty dominates southern India from Kanchi

    606: Harsha Vardhana, a Buddhist king of the Gupta dynasty, builds the kingdom of Thanesar in north India and Nepal with capital at Kanauij in the Punjab

    625: Pulikesin extends the Chalukyan empire in central India

    629: the Chinese monk Xuanzang (Huang Tsang) travels to India

    630: Songzen Gampo introduces Buddhism to Bhutan

    647: Thanesar king Harsha Vardhana is defeated by the Chalukyas (based in Karnataka) at Malwa (central India)

    650: Ellora caves

    650: the Pallavas rule from their capital at Kanchipuram (Tamil Nadu) are defeated by the Chalukyas

    670: the Pallavas build a new city at Mamallapuram

    700: the Mahavamsa is composed in the Pali language in Ceylon

    700: the Shore temple at Mamallapuram

    700: the Pallavas rule southern India from their capital Kanchipuram

    711: the Arabs conquer Sindh and Multan (Pakistan)

    723: Kathmandu is founded in Nepal

    730: King Lalitaditya rules in Kashmir

    750: temples of Bhubaneshwar and Puri

    750: the Gurjara-Pratiharas rule the north of India

    750: the Palas rule eastern India

    753: the Rashtrakutas, a Chalukya dynasty, expand from the Deccan into south and central India

    757: the capital of the Chalukyan kingdom is moved from Badami to Pattadakal

    757: the Kailasa temple at Ellora

    TM, &reg, Copyright &copy 2013 Piero Scaruffi All rights reserved.

    775: the Rashtrakutas are defeated by the Chalukyas, who move the capital at Kalyani (Mysore)

    775: Krishna I of the Rashtrakuta dynasty builds the rock-cut Kailasha Temple at Ellora

    784: the Pratihara king Nagabhata II conquers the sacred capital of the north, Kanyakubja

    800: kingdoms are created in central India and in Rajastan by Rajputs (warlords)

    800: Shankar (Samkara) Acharya founds the Hinduist monastery of Sringeri

    846: the Cholas regain independence from the Pallavas

    871: Sindh and Multan (Pakistan) are de facto independent from the Baghdad caliphate

    885: the Pratihara empire reaches its peak under Adivaraha Mihira Bhoja I, extending from Punjab to Gujarat to Central India

    888: the Pallava dynasty ends

    890: first Hindu temples at Khajuraho

    900: the Bhagavata Purana is composed in Sanskrit

    950: the Tomara Rajputs gain independence from the Gurjara-Pratihara empire and found their capital at Delhi

    950: the Chandellas gain independence from the Gurjara-Pratihara empire and found their capital at Khajuraho (Madhya Pradresh)

    977: Sebaktigin, a slave general, founds the Ghaznavid dynasty in Afghanistan, northern India and Central Asia

    985: Rajaraja Chola I extends the Chola empire to all of south India and builds the temple of Thanjavur

    997: Mahmud of Ghazni raids northern India

    998: Mahmud of Ghazni conquers Punjab

    1000: the tribal chieftain Nripa Kama conquers the area between the Cholas (south) and the Badami Chalukyas (north) and founds the Hoysala dynasty

    1000: Lingaraja and Rajarani temples at Bhubaneshwar (Orissa)

    1000: the Shahi state is annexed to the Ghaznavid empire

    1000: the Chola king Rajaraja builds the Brihadeshvara Temple in Thanjavur (Tanjore)

    1014: Rajendra Chola I becomes the Chola ruler of the south and defeats the Palas in Bengal

    1017: the Cholas conquer Ceylon (Sri Lanka)

    1019: Mahmud Ghaznavid raids north India and destroys Kanauj, capital of the Gurjara-Pratihara empire

    1021: Mahmud appoints Malik Ayaz to the throne and makes Lahore the capital of the Ghaznavid Empire

    1030: the Ghaznavid empire conquers Punjab

    1030: the Solanki kings build the Jain temples at Mount Abu

    1050: the Chola empire conquers Srivijaya, Malaya and the Maldives

    1070: Vijayabahu I of Rohanna expels the Cholas from Ceylon and moves the capital to Polonnaruva

    1084: Mahipala brings the Palas to the peak of their power

    1084: Youstol Dispage dies

    1150: the Senas conquer the Palas

    1153: Parakramabahu I of Ceylon moves the capital to Polonnaruva and builds the gigantic artificial lake of Parakrama Samudra

    1175: Ghurid Turks defeat the Ghazni Turks in the Punjab and the Ghaznavid state is absorbed into the Ghurid empire

    1189: the Yadava dynasty adopts Marathi as the court language

    1190: the Chalukya empire is split among Hoysalas (south), Yadavas and Kakatiyas

    1192: Turkic-speaking chieftains from Afghanistans led by Muhammad of Ghor defeat Prithvi Raj, capture Delhi and establish a Muslim sultanate at Delhi

    1197: the Ghuris destroy the Hindu monasteries at Nalanda and Vikramashila

    1206: The Ghurid prince Qutb al-Din Aybak becomes the first sultan of Delhi (Delhi Sultanate)

    1211: Iltutmish Shams becomes the sultan of Delhi

    1225: Qutb al-Din Aybak builds the Qutb Minar in Delhi, the tallest minaret in the world

    1250: the Urdu language develops by absorbing elements of Persian, Arabic and Indian dialects

    1250: a temple to the Sun in the form of a giant chariot is built at Konarak

    1250: end of the Chola dynasty

    1266: one of Iltutmish’s slaves, Baban, seizes power of the Delhi sultanate, and welcomes Islamic refugees fleeing the Mongol hordes
    the Delhi sultanate

    1288: the Italian explorer Marco Polo visits India

    1290: Jalal al-Din Firuz founds the Khalji sultanate
    1298: the Muslims of Delhi capture Cambay in Gujarat

    1300: the Tamil establish a kingdom in Ceylon

    1303: Jalal al-Din Firuz rebuilds Delhi

    1304: Mongols under Ali Beg invade India but are repelled by the Delhi sultanate

    1321: Jordanus, a Dominican monk, is the first Christian missionary in India

    1325: Muhammad ibn Tughluq becomes sultan of Delhi

    1327: sultan Muhammad ibn Tughluq moves his capital from Delhi to Daulatabad (Deogiri) in the Deccan

    1328: the Mongols invade India but are repelled by the Delhi sultanate

    1333: the Muslim explorer Ibn Battuta travels to India

    1336: the southernmost province of the Delhi sultanate declares independence

    1341: Bengal (under Fakhruddin Mubarak) declares its independence from the Delhi sultanate

    1343: the southern kingdom builds its capital at Vijayanagar (Hampi)

    1345: Muslim nobles revolt against Muhammad ibn Tughluq, declare their independence from the Delhi sultanate, and found the Bahmani dynasty in the Deccan

    1346: the Vijayanagar kingdom conquers the Hoysalas

    1346: the Hoysala dynasty disintegrates

    1347: Turkish governor Ala-ud-Din Bahman Shah rebels against the Sultan of Delhi and founds the Bahmani Sultanate in Bijapur

    1349: Muslims raid Kathmandu in Nepal

    1350: the Kadambas empire disintegrates into the dynasties of Goa, Hanagal and Chandavar

    1370: the Vijayanagar kingdom conquers the Muslim sultanate of Madura (Tamil Nadu)

    1382: Jaya Sthiti of the Malla dynasty seizes power in Nepal

    1387: the Kalan Masjid is built in Delhi

    1398: Timur invades India and sacks Delhi, causing the decline of the Delhi Sultinate

    1407: Gujarat is independent under its own sultan

    1451: Succeeding the last king of the Sayyid dynasty, Bahlul Lodi founds the Lodi dynasty of Afghan origin that rules the Delhi Sultanate

    1490: Guru Nanak Dev founds Sikhism and the city of Amritsar

    1490: the Adil Shahi sultan conquers Bijapur

    1490: Ahmednagar, Bijapur and Berar declare independence from the Bahmani sultan (Deccan sultanates)

    1497: Babur, a descendant of both Genghis Khan and Timur, becomes the ruler of Ferghana (Uzbekistan)

    1498: the Portuguese explorer Vasco da Gama reaches India

    1499: Guru Nanak founds the Sikh religion

    1501: Muhammad Shaybani defeats Babur at Samarkand

    1504: Babur captures Kabul (Afghanistan)

    1505: Portugal lands in Ceylon (Sri Lanka)

    1507: the Qutb Shahi dynasty seizes power in Hyderabad

    1508: the Portuguese found Bom Bahia (Bombay/Mumbai) in territory held by the sultan of Gujarat

    1509: Portugal conquers Diu and Goa in India

    1509: the Vijayanagar kingdom reaches its zenith under Krishna Raja

    1518: The Qutb Shahi dynasty of Golkonda declares independence from the Bahmani sultan and becomes a Deccan sultanate and the only Shiite region after Kashmir

    1526: After the battle of Panipat, Babur captures Delhi from Ibrahim, the sultan of Delhi, and founds the Mughal/Mogul dynasty in India with capital in Agra

    1527: Babur defeats an army of Rajputs at the battle of Kanua using artillery

    1528: Bidar declares independence from the Bahmani sultan and becomes the fifth Deccan sultanate

    1530: Babur dies and his son Humayun succeeds him

    1534: Portugal acquires Bom Bahia/Bombay/Mumbai from Gujarat

    1537: Afghan warlord Sher Khan Sur invades Bengal

    1539: Viswanatha founds the Nayak dynasty with capital in Madurai (south India)

    1540: Babur’s son Humayun loses the empire to Afghan Leader Sher Shah Sur and goes into exile to Lahore

    1544: Babur’s son Humayun goes into exile to Safavid Persia

    1545: Sher Shah Sur dies and is succeeded by Islam Shah Sur

    1550: the Jain complex at Palitana

    1553: Islam Shah Sur dies and the Sur empire is divided among his relatives (Punjab, Delhi/Agra, Bihar, Bengal)

    1553: Humayun with help from the Safavids reconquers Kabul

    1555: a famine strikes northern India

    1555: Humayun reconquers Delhi from the Sur ruler

    1556: the Mogul emperor Humayun dies and is succeeded by his 12-year old son Akbar under the tutelage of the Persian Shia noble Bairam Khan

    1558: the Mogul conquer Ajmer in Rajastan and Gwalior

    1560: Akbar fires Bairam Khan and assumes sole power

    1561: The Mogul conquer the kingdom of Malwa

    1562: Akbar marries Padmini, a Hindu princess of the Rajaputana kingdom

    1564: The Mogul conquer the kingdom of Gondwana/ Garha-Katanga

    1564: Uzbek nobles rebel against the Mogul emperor Akbar in the eastern provinces

    1565: four Muslim kingdoms ally to destroy the Vijyanagar kingdom at the battle of Talikota

    1565: Mysore, a former Vijayanagar principality, becomes independent under the Wodeyars

    1566: Akbar’s half-brother Muhammad Hakim seizes Kabul

    1568: Muslim invaders destroy the Sun Temple at Konark

    1571: Akbar moves the Mogul capital from Agra to Fatehput Sikri

    1572: the Mogul conquer Gujarat

    1574: the Mogul conquer Bengal, Bihar and Orissa from the Afghan kings

    1579: Mogul emperor Akbar abolishes the tax on non-Muslims

    1584: Akbar mints the Ilahi coin (based on the solar year but still in Persian)

    1585: After the death of Muhammad Hakim, Akbar conquers Kabul and moves the Mogul capital to Lahore

    1589: the Mogul conquer Kashmir

    1590: The Qutb Shahi dynasty of Golkonda moves the capital to Hyderabad

    1591: Akbar demands that the Decca sultans surrender to the Mogul empire

    1593: the Mogul conquer Sind

    1595: the Mogul conquer Kandahar (Afghanistan) from the Safavids

    1598: Akbar moves the Mogul capital from Lahore back to Agra

    1600: The British East India Company is established

    1601: the Mogul conquer the Decca sultanates

    1605: Akbar dies and is succeeded by his son Salim, who renames himself Jahangir

    1606: Jahangir defeats a conspiracy by his son Khusrau

    1611: Jahangir marries queen Nur Jahan

    1617: Jahangir’s son, prince Khurram, pacifies the southern states and receives the title of Shah Jahan

    1618: Jahangir’s son, prince Khurram, conquers the fortress of Kangra, thus subjecting the Himalaya hills to Mogul control

    1622: the Safavids reconquer Kandahar

    1623: Thirumala Nayakan brings Madurai to its maximum glory

    TM, &reg, Copyright &copy 2013 Piero Scaruffi All rights reserved.

    1627: Jahangir dies

    1628: After a civil war that pits Nur Jahan against her brother the wazir Asaf Khan, Jahangir’s son Khurram (Asaf Khan’s choice) is proclaimed emperor with the name Shah Jahan while Jahangir’s other son Shahryar (married to Nur Jahan’s daughter) is executed together with all the other potential pretenders

    1629: Afghan noble Khan Jahan Lodi, the governor of Deccan, rebels against Shah Jahan and joins the ruler of Ahmadnagar

    1630: Afghan noble Khan Jahan Lodi is defeated and killed

    1630: A famine strikes the Deccan and Gujarat

    1631: Shah Jahan’s wife Mumtaz Mahal dies giving birth to her 14th child

    1633: Shah Jahan adopts Sharia and destroys Hindu temples

    1631: Shah Jahan builds the Taj Mahal

    1632: the Mogul conquer the western Deccan sultanate of Ahmadabad

    1635: the Mogul defeat the Deccan sultanates of Golkonda (Hyderabad) and Bijapur that become tributary states

    1636: the Mogul fail to invade the Ahom kingdom on the eastern side of the Brahmaputra

    1638: Muhammad Said, a businessman from Golkonda (Hyderabad), becomes its prime minister with the title Mir Jumla

    1638: Holland intervenes in Ceylon (Sri Lanka) to defend the king of Kandy, Raja Singa, against Portugal

    India’s rulers

    MAURYA

    Chandragupta (322-301)

    Bindusara (301-269)

    Ashoka (269-232)

    Kunala (232-225)

    Dasaratha (232-225)

    Samprati (225-215)

    Salisuka (215-202)

    Devadharma (202-195)

    Satamdhanu (195-187)

    Brihadratha (187-185)

    SAKAS/PARTHIANS

    Maues ( )

    Vonones (30 BC)

    Azes I ( )

    Azes II ( )

    Gudnaphar (19-45 AD)

    KUSHANS

    Kujula Kadphises (20BC-30AD)

    Wima (30-80)

    Welma Kadphises (80-103)

    Kanishka I (103-127)

    Vasishka I (127-131)

    Huvishka I (130-162)

    Vasudeva I (162-200)

    Kanishka II (200-220)

    Vasishka II (220-230)

    Kanishka III (230-240)

    Vasudeva II (240-260)

    Vasu ( )

    Chhu ( )

    Shaka ( )

    Kipanada ( )

    GUPTA

    Gupta (275-300)

    Ghatotkacha (300-320)

    Chandra Gupta I (320-335)

    Samudra Gupta (335-370)

    Rama Gupta (370-375)

    Chandra Gupta II (375-415)

    Kumara Gupta I (415-455)

    Skanda Gupta (455-467)

    Kumara Gupta II (467-477)

    Budha Gupta (477-496)

    Chandra Gupta III (496-500)

    Vainya Gupta (500-515)

    Narasimha Gupta (510-530)

    Kumara Gupta III (530-540)

    Vishnu Gupta (540-550)

    DELHI

    Arm (1210-1211)

    Iltutmish Shams (1211-1236)

    Firuz I (1236)

    Radiyya Begum (1236-1240)

    Bahram (1240-1242)

    Mas’ud (1242-1246)

    Mahmud I (1246-1266)

    Balban Ulugh (1266-1287)

    Kay Qubadh (1287-1290)

    Kayumarth (1290)

    Firuz II Khalji (1290-1296)

    Ibrahim I Qadir (1296)

    Muhammad I Ali (1296-1316)

    Umar (1316)

    Mubarak (1316-1320)

    Khusraw Barwari (1320)

    Tughluq I (1320-1325)

    Muhammad II (1325-1351)

    Firuz III (1351-1388)

    Tughluq II (1388-1389)

    Abu Bakr (1389-1391)

    Muhammad III (1389-1394)

    Sikandar I (1394)

    Mahmud II (1394-1395)

    Nusrat (1395-1399)

    Mahmud II (1401-1412)

    Dawlat Lodi (1412-1414)

    Khidr (1414-1421)

    Mubarak II (1421-1434)

    Muhammad IV (1434-1443)

    Alam (1443-1451)

    Bahlul Lod (1451-1489)

    Sikandar II Nizam (1489-1517)

    Ibrahim II (1517-1526)

    MOGHUL

    Babur (1526-1530)

    Humayun (1530-1555)

    Akbar I (1556-1605)

    Jahangir (1605-1627)

    Dawar Bakhsh (1627-1628)

    Jahan I Khusraw (1628-1657)

    Awrangzib Alamgir I (1658-1707)

    Alam I Bahadur (1707-1712)

    Jahandar Mu’izz (1712-1713)

    Farrukh-siyar (1713-1719)

    Muhammad Nasir (1719-1748)

    Ahmad Bahadur I (1748-1754)

    Aziz Alamgir II (1754-1759)

    Jahan III (1759)

    Alam II (1759-1806)

    Mu’in Akbar II (1806-1837)

    Siraj
    Bahadur II (1837-1858)

    SIKH

    Nanak (1469-1539)

    An.gad (1539-1552)

    Amar Das (1552-1574)

    Ram Das Sod.hi (1574-1581)

    Arjun Mal (1581-1606)

    Hargobind (1606-1644)

    Har Rai (1644-1661)

    Hari Krishen (1661-1664)

    Tegh Bahadur (1664-1675)

    Gobind Rai Singh (1675-1708)

    BENGAL

    Murshid Quli Ala’ (1704-1725)

    Shuja’ Shuja’ (1725-1739)

    Sarfaraz Ala’ (1739-1740)

    Aliwirdi Hashim (1740-1756)

    Mirza Mahmud Siraj (1756-1757)

    Mir Ja’far Muhammad Hashim (1757-1760)

    Mir Qasim Ali (1760-1763)

    Mir Ja’far Muhammad Hashim (1763-1765)

    OUDH

    Sa’adat Burhan alMulk (1722-1739)

    Abu Mans.ur
    Safdar Jang (1739-1754)

    Haydar Shuja’ (1754-1775)

    Asaf (1775-1797)

    Wazir Ali (1797-1798)

    Sa’adat Ali (1798-1814)

    Haydar I Ghazi (1814-1827)

    Haydar II Sulayman Jah (1827-1837)

    Muhammad Ali Mu’in (1837-1842)

    Amjad Ali Thurayya Jah (1842-1847)

    Wajid Ali (1847-1856)

    HYDERABAD

    Chin Qilich Nizam : 1720-1748)

    Nasir Jang: 1748-1751)

    Muzaffar Jang: 1751-1752)

    Salabat Jang: 1752-1762)

    Nizam Ali : 1762-1803)

    Farkhanda Ali Nasir : 1829-1857)

    Mir Mahbub Ali I
    Afdal : 1857-1869)

    Mir Mahbub Ali II: 1869-1911)

    Mir Uthman Ali Bahadur (1911-1948)

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